Tło Lake District Chełmińsko-Dobrzyńskie

Brodnica Landscape Park

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The Brodnica Landscape Park was created in 1985. It was the first landscape park to be created in the former Toruń Province, and 25 in Poland. The purpose of the landscape park is to protect the most valuable natural values ​​(landscape, flora and fauna) as well as material and historical goods of a given area with rational management. The current area of ​​the Park is 16 685 ha. Over 60% of the Park area is forests, waters cover an area of ​​about 10%. BPK is located in two voivodships: Kuyavian-Pomeranian (12 349 ha) and Warmian-Masurian (4 336 ha) and in 6 communes: Zbiczno, Jabłonowo Pomorskie, Brodnica, Brzozów, Biskupiec Pomorski and Kurzętnik. BPK occupies the central, the most valuable in terms of nature and culture of the Brodnickie Lake District. In 2005, the Park was expanded to include Lake Bachotek and the so-called Swampy Drwęca Valley, which is a valuable refuge for wetland birds (Natura 2000 area). The park's landscape is characterized by great diversity, post-glacial relief dominates with the hilly areas of the moraine plateau and flat sandra surfaces that are covered with forests. This area is cut by two series of glacial gutters with numerous gutter lakes that connect two rivers: Skarlanka and Struga Brodnicka. The morphological peculiarity of this area are hills and kem hills that occur in the vicinity of Lake Sumówko. There are over 40 lakes in the Brodnicki Landscape Park, of which 7 with an area of ​​over 100 ha. The largest of them include: Wielkie Partęczyny (324 ha), Bachotek (211 ha), Sosno (188 ha), Łąkorz (162 ha), Głowińskie (131 ha), Zbiczno (129 ha) and Ciche (111 ha). Most of the lakes in the Park are gutter lakes with a narrow, elongated shape surrounded by steep forested shores. The deepest is Zbiczno (41 m), then Łąkorz (30 m), Wielkie Partęczyny (28, 5 m), Bachotek (24 m), and Retno (21 m). On some lakes, such as Wielkie Partęczyny, Zbiczno, Strażym and Bachotek, there are holiday resorts and campsites. BPK surface waters are among the cleanest in the province. Most of the lakes are in cleanliness class II. The forests found in this area are mainly pine and mixed forests. Smaller areas are covered by deciduous forests such as oak-hornbeam, riparian forests, alder forests. Protective forests, seed stands and game refuges have a very high share (37%).


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